Optic Disc Drusen Prevalence in Patients With Retinitis Pigmentosa: A Cross-Sectional Study. Steensberg et al. Journal of Neuroophthalmology

Steensberg AH, Schmidt DC, Malmqvist L, Kessel L, Bertelsen M, Gr√łnskov K, Hamann S. Optic disc drusen prevalence in patients with retinitis pigmentosa: A cross-sectional study. J Neuroophthalmol, Nov 17. Doi: 10.1097/WNO.0000000000002038. Online ahead of print, 2023

Background:

Studies of patients with retinitis pigmentosa (RP) have reported an increased prevalence of optic disc drusen (ODD) compared with the ODD prevalence in the general population. The diagnostic gold standard method for identifying ODD is enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography (EDI-OCT), but this modality has not previously been used systematically for identifying ODD in patients with RP. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of ODD in patients with RP using EDI-OCT.

Methods:

In this cross-sectional study, 40 patients with clinically diagnosed RP aged 18 years or older were included. All patients underwent an ophthalmic examination, including kinetic perimetry, EDI-OCT of the optic nerve head, and fundus photography. Genetic testing with a next-generation sequencing panel of retinal dystrophy genes was performed on the RP patients without a prior genetic diagnosis.

Results:

Twelve patients (30.0%) had at least one ODD. Six patients had bilateral ODD. No significant differences between patients with and without ODD were found according to age, refraction, best-corrected visual acuity, Bruch membrane opening, or visual field. The genetic variation causing RP was found in 11 of 12 cases in the ODD group and in 17 of 28 cases in the group without ODD.

Conclusions:

We found the prevalence of ODD in patients with RP to be 30.0%. This is 15 times higher than in the general population and much higher than previously estimated in most studies, potentially indicating that the 2 conditions might be pathogenically related.

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