Rates of Visual Field Change in Eyes With Optic Disc Drusen. Estrela et al. Journal of Neuroophthalmology

Rates of Visual Field Change in Eyes With Optic Disc Drusen.

Estrela T, Jammal AA, El-Dairi M, Medeiros FA.J Neuroophthalmol. 2023 Sep 1;43(3):353-358. doi: 10.1097/WNO.0000000000001801. Epub 2023 Jan 18.PMID: 36728098

Background: Optic disc drusen (ODD) are calcified deposits in the prelaminar portion of the optic nerve head. Although often asymptomatic, these deposits can cause progressive visual field defects and vision loss. The purpose of this study was to evaluate rates of functional loss in eyes with ODD and to investigate risk factors associated with rates of visual field progression.

Methods: This was a retrospective cohort study including 65 eyes of 43 patients with ODD from the Duke Ophthalmic Registry. All eyes had at least 12 months of follow-up and at least 3 reliable standard automated perimetry (SAP) tests. Linear mixed models were used to estimate rates of SAP mean deviation (MD) loss over time. Univariable and multivariable models were used to assess the effect of clinical variables and intraocular pressure (IOP) on rates of change.

Results: Subjects were followed for an average of 7.6 ± 5.3 years. The mean rate of SAP MD change was -0.23 ± 0.26 dB/year, ranging from -1.19 to 0.13 dB/year. Fifty-seven eyes (87.7%) had slow progression (slower than -0.5 dB/year), 6 eyes (9.2%) had moderate progression (between -0.5 dB/year and -1 dB/year), and 2 eyes (3.1%) had fast progression (faster than -1 dB/year). In multivariable models, older age and worse SAP MD at baseline were significantly associated with faster rates of change. Mean IOP was not associated with faster rates of MD change in both univariable and multivariable analyses.

Conclusions: Most eyes with ODD had slow rates of visual field loss over time. Age and baseline severity were significantly associated with faster rates of visual field loss.

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